A digital perm is a modern technique used to create wavy or curly hair using a combination of digital technology and traditional perming methods. It originated in South Korea and has gained popularity worldwide. Here's how a digital perm works:
1. Preparation: The hair is shampooed and conditioned to ensure it's clean and ready for the perming process. It's important to choose a salon that specializes in digital perms and has experienced stylists.
2. Sectioning and Rolling: The hair is sectioned into small or medium-sized strands, and each section is wrapped around specialized perm rods. These rods are usually made of ceramic or plastic and come in various sizes to create different curl patterns. The rods are selected based on the desired curl size and style.
3. Application of Perm Solution: Once the hair is wrapped around the perm rods, a perm solution is applied to break down the hair's natural bonds. This allows the hair to be reshaped and set into the desired curls. The perm solution used in digital perms is usually gentler than traditional perm solutions to minimize damage and maintain the hair's health.
4. Digital Processing: Unlike traditional perming methods that require heat from perm rods or other heat sources, digital perms use a specially designed machine that heats the rods electronically. This machine controls the temperature precisely, ensuring an even distribution of heat throughout the rods. The heat softens the hair, allowing it to take on the desired curl pattern.
5. Neutralizing and Conditioning: After the digital processing, a neutralizer is applied to stabilize the new shape of the hair. The neutralizer restores the hair's pH balance and locks in the curls. The hair is then rinsed thoroughly to remove any residual chemicals. A deep conditioning treatment is often applied to restore moisture and improve the hair's texture.
6. Styling and Maintenance: Once the hair is dry, the perm rods are removed, and the curls are gently styled. You can choose to leave the curls as they are or use styling tools like curling irons or diffusers to enhance or modify the curls further. Proper maintenance and use of hair products specifically formulated for curly or wavy hair are essential to keep the digital perm looking its best.
Digital perms typically last longer than traditional perms, ranging from a few months to a year, depending on how well you maintain your hair and the natural hair growth cycle. It's important to consult with a professional stylist to understand the process, aftercare, and determine if a digital perm is suitable for your hair type and desired outcome.